English

Article

October 23, 2021

The English language (self-name - English, the English language) is the language of the Anglo-Frisian subgroup of the western group of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. English is the most important international language, which is a consequence of the colonial policy of the British Empire in the 19th century and the global influence of the United States of America in the 20th and 21st centuries. There is a significant variety of dialects and dialects of the English language. English originated in the early Middle Ages as a descendant of the Anglo-Saxon language, which was spoken by the Anglo-Saxons. It became native to the majority of the British population, and with the territorial growth of the British Empire, it spread to Asia, Africa, North America and Australia. After the British colonies gained independence, English remained either the native language of the majority of the population (USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand), or one of the official languages ​​(India, Nigeria). English is taught in educational institutions of many countries as a foreign language. In the USSR, English was introduced into the school curriculum in the 1961-1962 academic year as one of the main languages ​​by the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR of May 27, 1961 No. 468 "On improving the study of foreign languages"

Linguogeography

English is the native language of about 335 million people (2003), the third native language in the world after Chinese and Spanish, its speakers (including those for whom it is a second language) - over 1.3 billion people (2007 ). One of the six official and working languages ​​of the United Nations. English is the official language in 54 countries - Great Britain, the United States (the official language of thirty-one states), Australia, one of the official languages ​​of Ireland (along with Irish), Canada (along with French) and Malta (along with Maltese), New Zealand (along with Maori and sign). It is used as an official one in some states of Asia (India, Pakistan and others) and Africa (mainly the former colonies of the British Empire, which are part of the Commonwealth of Nations), while the majority of the population of these countries are speakers of other languages. English speakers are called anglophones in linguistics; this term is especially common in Canada (including in a political context,

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