July 6, 2022

The Apennine Peninsula (Italian: Penisola appenninica; also Penisola italiana - “Italian Peninsula”) is one of the largest peninsulas in Europe, located in the south of this part of the world and washed by the waters of the Mediterranean Sea. The peninsula contains most of mainland Italy, as well as the Republic of San Marino, the theocratic state of the Vatican, and sometimes considered a dwarf state by the Order of Malta. The peninsula got its name from the Apennine mountains, stretching along most of it. The area of ​​the Apennine Peninsula is 149 thousand km². Length - about 1100 km, width - from 130 to 300 km. In the north, the peninsula is bounded by the Padana Lowland, in the west it is washed by the Tyrrhenian Sea, in the east by the Adriatic Sea, in the south by the Ionian Sea. The peninsula has a distinctive heeled boot shape, making it one of the most recognizable geographical features. A feature of the Apennine Peninsula is high seismicity, modern mountain building, ancient and modern volcanic activity (Albanian mountains, Amiata, Vulsini, Vulture, Vesuvius, Phlegrean fields). Strong earthquakes are not uncommon for the Apennine Peninsula. These processes are due to the global tectonic process of the movement of lithospheric plates, when the African plate collides and moves under the Eurasian plate, on which Europe is located.

States of the peninsula

Basically, the state of Italy is located on the Apennine Peninsula, but microstates such as the Vatican and San Marino are also located here.



The Apennine Mountains stretch from north to south of the peninsula (hence the name of the peninsula), the highest point of which is Mount Corno Grande (2914 m). In this mountain system there are several extinct and active volcanoes, for example, Amiata (1734 m) and Vesuvius (1277 m). There are lava plateaus. In the southeastern part, there are the karst limestone plateaus of Monte Gargano and Le Murge. In the southern part of the peninsula are the Calabrian Apennines (altitude up to 1956 m).


South of the Alps lies the Padan Plain, through which the Po River flows. The surface of the valley drops to the east towards the Adriatic Sea. The height of the high equals