May 28, 2022
Athens (Greek Αθήναι or Αθήνα, MPA: [aˈθina]) is the capital of Greece. It is located in the historical region of Attica and is the economic, cultural and administrative center of the country. The city is named after the goddess of war and wisdom, Athena, who was the patron of the ancient policy. Athens has a rich history; in the classical period (5th century BC), the city-state reached the pinnacle of its development, defining many trends in the development of later European culture. So, the names of the philosophers Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, who laid the foundations of European philosophy, the tragedians Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, who stood at the origins of the drama, are associated with the city; The political system of ancient Athens was democracy. The area of the urban agglomeration is 412 km². This area is surrounded by mountains: Egaleo, Parnis, Pendelikon and Imitos. The total population of the urban agglomeration is 1/3 of the total population of Greece and is, according to the 2011 census, 3,090,508 people. Thus, the population density of the urban agglomeration is 7,500 people per 1 km². The height of the city center above sea level is 20 meters, while the terrain of the city is very diverse, with plains and mountains.