Battle for Moscow
October 17, 2021
Battle for Moscow (Moscow Battle, Battle of Moscow, September 30, 1941 - April 20, 1942) - military operations of Soviet and German troops in the Moscow direction. It is divided into 2 periods: defensive (September 30 - December 4, 1941) and offensive, which consists of two stages: the counteroffensive (December 5, 1941 - January 7, 1942) and the Soviet offensive (January 7 - March 30, 1942). In Western historiography, the battle is known as Operation Typhoon. The battle unfolded in an area whose borders in the north ran along the Volga river from Kalyazin to Rzhev, in the west - along the rockad railway line Rzhev - Vyazma - Bryansk, in the south - along the conditional line Ryazhsk - Gorbachevo - Dyatkovo. At the defensive stage of the battle, the following were carried out: Oryol-Bryansk, Vyazemskaya, Mozhaisk-Maloyaroslavetskaya, Kalininskaya, Tula, Klinsko-Solnechnogorsk and Naro-Fominsk front-line operations. On December 5, 1941, the Red Army launched a counteroffensive along the entire front near Moscow, carrying out a number of successful front-line offensive operations and threw the Germans back 150-300 kilometers from the capital. The battle for Moscow is one of the turning points in World War II and World War II.