Battle of Panipat (1761)


January 24, 2022

The Battle of Panipat (1761) - the third battle of Panipat, took place on January 14, 1761, about 60 miles (95.5 km) north of Delhi between the northern expeditionary forces of the Maratha Empire on the one hand and a coalition of the ruler of Afghanistan, Ahmad Shah Durrani and his Indian Muslim allies on the other. Ahmad Shah's allies were the Rohilla Afghans from Doab, the Balochi, and the governor of Aud, Shuja ud-Dole. During the battle, French-provided artillery and Maratha cavalry fought against the heavy cavalry and horse artillery (jizail and zambaruk) of the Afghans and Rohillas, led by Ahmad Shah Durrani and Najib ud-Doula, both ethnic Pashtuns. The battle is considered one of the largest battles in the 18th century, and has perhaps the highest death toll in a single day in a classic battle between two armies.

See also

Battle of Panipat (1526)



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