British India

Article

July 6, 2022

British India, also known as the British Raj, Crown rule in India, or the Indian Empire, was a British colonial possession in South Asia from 1858 to 1947. The gradually expanding territory of the colony eventually covered the territories of modern India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Myanmar. The term British India is usually used to refer to the entire territory of the colonial possession, although, strictly speaking, it referred only to those parts of the subcontinent that were under direct British rule; in addition to these territories, there were so-called "native principalities", which formally were only in vassal dependence on the British Empire. In 1937, Burma was separated from British India into a separate colony, since 1948 - an independent state. On August 15, 1947, British India was granted independence, after which the country was divided into two dominions - India and Pakistan. In India, the post of prime minister was established, Jawaharlal Nehru became it. Bangladesh seceded from Pakistan in 1971.

History

The result of the sepoy uprising was the liquidation of the British East India Company and the transfer of power directly to the crown. The established system in English-language sources is commonly referred to as "British Raj" (eng. British Raj). This system used the traditional feudal organization of India, but the British crown was the supreme overlord of the rulers of individual Indian regions. Such an organization was finally consolidated in 1876 with the coronation of Queen Victoria of England as Empress of India. In 1935, India was granted partial autonomy by the Government of India Act. Moreover, India was the only country with a colonial status that signed the Declaration of the United Nations on January 1, 1942.

The First World War and its consequences

During the course of the war, up to 1.4 million British and Indian soldiers from the British Indian Army took part in hostilities around the world, fighting alongside soldiers from dominions such as Canada and Australia. India's international role has grown. In 1920, she became one of the founders of the League of Nations, and took part in the summer