The Great Patriotic War


July 3, 2022

The Great Patriotic War (June 22, 1941 - May 9, 1945) - the war of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics against Nazi Germany and its European allies (Hungary, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, Finland, Croatia), which began with the largest land invasion in the military history of their troops on Soviet territory and ended with the liberation of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe from fascism. In terms of scale, it was the largest and bloodiest armed conflict in world history. The Eastern Front was the most important component of World War II, which ended with the victory of the Red Army and the unconditional surrender of the German armed forces. In Western countries it is called the "Eastern Front", in Germany - also the "German-Soviet War". The military-political leadership of Nazi Germany, counting on a strategy of lightning war ("blitzkrieg"), prepared a plan of aggression against the Soviet Union, which received the code name "Directive No. 21. Plan" Barbarossa "". In the war against the USSR, the goal was to liquidate the Soviet state, take possession of its wealth and "Germanize" the country's territory up to the Urals. For the peoples of the Soviet Union, the Great Patriotic War became a just war for the freedom and independence of their homeland, the anthem of which was the song "Holy War". During the war, the Soviet Union, as part of the anti-Hitler coalition, inflicted the greatest damage on the armed forces of Germany and its European allies, thereby playing a decisive role in their defeat in Europe. For three years (1941-1944), about 90% of all German forces were involved against the USSR. After the landing in Normandy in June 1944 of the allied troops in the anti-Hitler coalition, ⅔ of the German troops continued to remain on the Eastern Front. The Nuremberg Tribunal, held in 1945-1946, assessed the aggressive war unleashed by Germany, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and sentenced Nazi criminals.


The designation "Patriotic War" in relation to the war with Germany first appeared in a speech by People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs V. M. Molotov on the radio on June 22, 1941: At one time on Napoleon's campaign in R