October 17, 2021
Great Britain (the Russian name comes from the English Great Britain [ˌɡreɪt ˈbrɪtn]), or the United Kingdom (United Kingdom [jʊnaɪtɪd kɪŋdəm], abbreviated: UK), the full official form is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Britain and Northern Ireland), is an island state in the northwest of continental Europe. The United Kingdom of Great Britain was formed in 1707 as a result of the political unification of the kingdoms of Scotland and England; but even earlier, in 1603, the king of Scotland, James VI, inherited the thrones of England and Ireland by way of personal union (James I). In 1800, the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland merged to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, which, after secession from it in 1922, the Irish Free State became known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Great Britain is one of the largest states in Europe, a nuclear power since 1952 (recognized in accordance with the 1968 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty), a permanent member of the UN Security Council, the former metropolis of the British Empire; the British monarch is also the head of 15 other independent states and the head of the Commonwealth. The former center of the world empire, Great Britain still plays an important role in international affairs. English has become a second language in many countries around the world; it dominates the Internet and other international communications. The UK economy is the ninth in the world in terms of development; the country's military budget is one of the highest in the world. The form of government is a parliamentary monarchy. The form of government is a quasi-unitary state, where since the end of the 20th century, three of the four constituent countries (Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales) have the rights of limited autonomy. The capital is London, one of the largest cities in Europe and the financial and economic centers of the world. Official languages: throughout the country - English; also officially recognized as Welsh in Wales; Gaelic (Scottish Celtic) and Scots (Scottish Germanic) in Scotland; Cornish in Cornwall (England); Irish in Northern Ireland.