The Verkhovna Rada


July 6, 2022

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Ukr. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine) is the unicameral parliament of Ukraine, consisting of 450 people's deputies elected for a five-year term on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine is the only body of power authorized to pass laws. The powers of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine are exercised by the joint activities of the people's deputies of Ukraine at meetings of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine during its sessions. The powers of people's deputies of Ukraine are determined by the Constitution and laws of Ukraine. People's deputies of Ukraine may voluntarily unite in factions. The Verkhovna Rada forms the government of the country - the Cabinet of Ministers - and exercises control over its activities.


The name “rad” in translation from Ukrainian means “council” (Ukrainian raditisya - “consult”) and comes through Polish mediation from the German language (German Rat, Polish rada). In Soviet times, the name of the highest legislative body of the Ukrainian SSR was translated into Russian as the Supreme Soviet, as well as the highest legislative bodies of all Union republics. After gaining independence in August 1991, the name Verkhovna Rada without translation became widespread in Russian. After the adoption of the Constitution of Ukraine on June 28, 1996, the name of the Ukrainian parliament began to be officially translated into Russian as "Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine".

Composition and order of formation

The Verkhovna Rada consists of 450 deputies elected for a five-year term on the basis of universal, direct and equal suffrage by secret ballot. For the authority of the Verkhovna Rada, at least two-thirds of its constitutional composition (that is, 300 people's deputies) must be elected. A citizen of Ukraine who is at least 21 years old, who has the right to vote, has lived in Ukraine for the last 5 years, and has no criminal record, can be elected as a deputy. People's Deputies exercise their powers on a permanent basis and cannot have any other representative mandate, be in the public service or hold any other paid positions or conduct business.