January 24, 2022

A vineyard is a piece of land where grapes are grown. Vineyards are distinguished by age: young, entering fruiting and fruiting. Young vineyard - usually plantings up to three years of age. The vineyard that comes into fruition is three to five year old plantations, but mostly four-year-olds. A fruitful vineyard is usually plantations from the age of five. According to the conditions of the relief, vineyards are distinguished as flat, foothill and mountain (on the slopes). The oldest (productive) vineyard in the world is said to be located in the city of Maribor, Slovenia, on the banks of the Drava River. There is a 400 year old grape that is growing and has been recognized as the oldest living grape; it was listed in the Guinness Book of Records in 2004.


No one knows for sure when and where exactly a person began to grow grapes. According to archaeological sources, scientists believe that viticulture originated in ancient Egypt 6000 years before our era. At the feasts of the ancient Egyptians, along with many dishes, different types of wine and beer were also served. In the time of the pharaohs, vineyards extended up the Nile to the rapids. In the countries neighboring Egypt, in particular, it is mentioned that during the construction of Solomon's temple, workers were given 20,000 baht of wine. This serves as evidence that for almost 1000 years BC. e. winemaking existed in the Mediterranean. Especially viticulture was developed in ancient Greece. Greek literature often talks about wine, in particular, in Homer's Odyssey there are many verses that mention wine. On the shield of Achilles, the skillful Hephaestus, among other images of gold, made "a marvelous large vineyard, weighed down with sweet fruit", "black clusters hung in it." Viticulture is also mentioned in the Bible.


Vineyards, by definition, grow grapes that are used to produce grape juice, raisins, spirits, vinegar and oil.



Echikson, Tom. Noble Rot: A Bordeaux Wine Revolution (unspecified). - New York: Norton, 2004. - ISBN 0-393-05162-5. The Oxford Companion to Wine / Robinson, Jancis. — Second. - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1999. - ISBN 0-19-866236-X. Jackson, Ronald S. Wine Science: Principles, Practice, Perception. - United States: Elsevier, 2000. - ISBN 0-12-379062-X.



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