Non-departmental security of the Russian Guard
Non-departmental security of the Russian Guard (OVO of the Russian Guard) is a state police unit that guards especially important and sensitive facilities (including those subject to mandatory protection by the National Guard troops), property of individuals and legal entities under contracts, participating in ensuring the protection of public order, preventing and suppressing crimes and administrative offenses. In a number of states it is part of the Ministries of the Interior. In the Russian Federation, since 2016, it has been a structural unit of the Federal Service of the National Guard Troops of the Russian Federation (Rosgvardia). Employees of the unit are not part of the staff of organizations, institutions, industrial enterprises, the objects of which are guarded - hence the name "private security" to distinguish it from departmental security.
On March 3, 1920, industrial police units were created in the RSFSR to protect industrial facilities, stocks of products and raw materials.
On February 6, 1924, the Decree of the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR on the creation of a departmental militia was adopted and the Regulations on the departmental militia were approved. It was created to protect the property of state enterprises and institutions, as well as private organizations of national importance and to protect law and order within the territory occupied by these objects. The departmental militia was created on a contractual basis with the administration of the national economic facilities that it guarded, and was maintained at their expense.
On October 29, 1952, by the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR No. 4633-1835 “On the use in industry, construction and other sectors of the national economy of workers released from protection, and measures to improve the organization of the protection of economic facilities of ministries and departments”, a non-departmental external guard guard (VNSO ) under the bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Guard brigades guarding trade and economic objects were transferred to the subordination of the internal affairs bodies.
In 1959, the functions of inspection of departmental security were transferred to private security.
Since 1962, private security has been tasked with