Provisional Government of Russia

Article

January 24, 2022

The Provisional Government (March 2 (15) - October 26 (November 8), 1917) is the highest executive, administrative and legislative body of state power in Russia between February and October 1917. It was created during the beginning of the Revolution by agreement between the Provisional Committee of the State Duma and the executive committee of the Petrograd Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies (Petrosoviet) (see Dual power). The official printed organ is the Collection of Laws and Orders of the Government, published under the Governing Senate.

Creation

On February 26 (March 11), 1917, the activity of the IV State Duma was suspended by the Highest Decree. On the afternoon of February 27 (March 12), in the conditions when the Taurida Palace, where the Duma met, was occupied by insurgent workers and soldiers, the Provisional Committee of the State Duma was created, headed by M. V. Rodzianko (Octobrist, chairman of the Fourth Duma). The Committee took upon itself the task of restoring state and public order. The committee, however, did not possess the fullness of actual power, since the rebellious soldiers of the Petrograd garrison (170 thousand) and the workers were inclined to support the Petrograd Soviet, the first meeting of which took place on the evening of February 27 (March 12). The Socialist-Revolutionaries and Mensheviks had the predominant influence in the soviets that appeared spontaneously in the localities. On March 1 (14), at an expanded meeting of the Provisional Committee of the Duma with the participation of the Central Committee of the Constitutional Democratic Party and the Bureau of the Progressive Bloc, as well as representatives of the Petrograd Soviet of Workers 'and Soldiers' Deputies, the composition of the first government cabinet was agreed upon, the formation of which was announced the next day. Later, the new government announced upcoming elections to the Constituent Assembly based on universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot. Elections were scheduled for September 17, but were then rescheduled for November 12, 1917. The old state bodies were abolished. On March 2 (15), Emperor Nicholas II abdicated the throne with the transfer of the right of inheritance to Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich, who, in turn, promulgated on March 3 (16) an act of intent to assume supreme power

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