Galich, Alexander Arkadievich

Article

August 11, 2022

Alexander Arkadyevich Galich (at the birth of Ginzburg; October 19 (according to other sources October 20) 1918, Yekaterinoslav - December 15, 1977, Paris) - Russian poet, screenwriter, playwright, prose writer, author and performer of his own songs. Member of the People's Labor Union of Russian Solidarists (NTS), corresponding member of the dissident Human Rights Committee in the USSR (1970-1973). Member of the petition campaign.

Biography

Alexander Galich was born on October 19 (according to other sources October 20), 1918 in Yekaterinoslav (now Dnieper) into a Jewish family. Father, Aron Samoilovich Ginzburg (1894-?), came from a poor family of doctors, was an economist; mother, Feiga (Fanny, Faina) Borisovna Veksler (October 16, 1896 - December 15, 1979), came from a moderately prosperous family, worked as an administrator at the conservatory. Galich's paternal grandfather, Samuil Ginzburg, was a well-known pediatrician in Yekaterinoslav, an honorary citizen of the city. Galich's uncle is literary critic Lev Samoilovich Ginzburg (1879-1933), his younger brother is cinematographer Valery Ginzburg. The family lived in house number 74 on Kazachya Street, built in 1911 by the residents themselves (the Yekaterinoslav House-Building Society, the first housing cooperative in the city). Three weeks after the birth of Galich, the family moved to Sevastopol, and in 1923 to Moscow, where they settled in the house of Dmitry Venevitinov in Krivokolenny Lane. In this house, Alexander Pushkin once read his tragedy "Boris Godunov" for the first time. In Moscow, Galich graduated from school No. 24 of the Bauman Department of Public Education (BONO) (now No. 1227). The first publication was the poem "The World in a Shout" (Pionerskaya Pravda, May 23, 1932, signed by Alexander Ginzburg). After the ninth grade, Galich almost simultaneously entered the Literary Institute and the Stanislavsky Opera and Drama Studio, which became Stanislavsky's last course, which he did not manage to release. He soon left the Literary Institute, and three years later left the Opera and Drama Studio. He moved to the Studio Theater of Alexei Arbuzov and Valentin Pluchek (1939). In February 1940, the studio made its debut with the play "City at Dawn" with a collective authorship. One of the authors of the play was Galich. It was his debut in dramaturgy. He also wrote songs for this play and performance. In spa