July 3, 2022

Hannover (German Hannover [haˈnoːfɐ], n.-German Hannober) is the administrative center and largest city of Lower Saxony in the Federal Republic of Germany.

General information

Port on the river Laine and the Middle German Canal international Airport Annual industrial fairs, the largest of which are Hannover Messe and CeBIT. The distance to the North Sea is 160 km, to the Baltic Sea - 200 km. Hanover lies at the junction of the Lüneburg Heath and the mountainous Weserbergland in the south. Highest point: Mount Kronsberg - 118 m. The long-term average annual temperature is 8.7 °C, 644 mm of precipitation falls. 34.1% of the city's area is occupied by buildings, 15.5% - communications, roads, 11.4% - forests, 14.7% - other green spaces, 15.8% - agricultural land and gardens.


The population of Hannover is 532,163 inhabitants as of December 31, 2015



1150 - the first documented mention of Hanover. 1215 - the first mention of the castle of Lauenrode as recently built on the left (western) bank of the River Leine, opposite Hanover, and chosen as a residence by Konrad II of Roden (son of Konrad I of Roden - a close follower of the Duke of Welf, Henry the Lion). 1241 - Magdeburg law was given to the city. 1256 - The city council establishes the Hospital of the Holy Spirit. 1526 - A popular local lager beer is brewed for the first time. 1533 - Reformation. The Catholic Church Council flees to Hildesheim. Until the middle of the 19th century, the population of the city professed exclusively Lutheran. 1626 - A third of the population of Hanover falls victim to the plague. 1636 - Duke Georg von Calenberg, who chose Hannover as his residence, builds a new complex of defensive structures. Duke Johann Friedrich (1665-1679) lays a garden in Herrenhausen and entrusts Leibniz (1676) with the leadership of the library he founded. Johann Friedrich's successor Ernst-August (1679-1698) receives the title of Elector of the Holy Roman Empire. Hanover becomes the capital of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg. 1701 - Princess Sophie (Kurfürstin Sofie) is declared heir to the throne of Great Britain. 1714 - Elector George Ludwig (1698-1727) is declared under the name of George the First King of Great Britain. Establishing a personal union with the Great