Denmark

Article

January 24, 2022

Denmark (Danmark Danmark [ˈtænmɑk]), officially the Kingdom of Denmark (Dan Kongeriget Danmark [ˈkʰɔŋəʁiːð̩ ˈtænmɑk]) is a state in Northern Europe, the senior member of the commonwealth of the Danish United Kingdom, which also includes the Faroe Islands and the autonomous territory of Greenland. The population for the first quarter of 2020 is 5,822,763 people. The area is 43,094 km². Population density - 134.85 people / km². Today, Denmark is the most populous country in Scandinavia. Denmark is the southernmost of the Scandinavian countries; located southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, from the south it borders on Germany by land. Denmark is washed by the Baltic and North Seas. The territory of the country includes the large peninsula of Jutland and 409 islands of the Danish archipelago, among which the most famous are Zeeland, Fyn, Vensussel Ty, Lolland, Falster and Bornholm. Denmark is a constitutional monarchy, the head of state is the monarch, who exercises legislative power together with the unicameral parliament - the Folketing (179 deputies). Denmark has been a member of the European Union since 1973, but is still not part of the Eurozone. Denmark is a founding member of NATO and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. Denmark is a unitary state. The capital is Copenhagen.

Etymology

The etymology of the toponym "Denmark" has not yet been precisely clarified and remains the subject of scientific disputes; in the sources of the 5th-6th centuries. the ancient Germanic tribe Dana is mentioned, who lived on the Jutland Peninsula. In the ninth century during the administrative structure of the border lands of the empire of Charlemagne, Danmark was formed - the "Danish mark" (brand - other Upper German "border, border lands"), which became in the 11th century. by the state of Danmark.

Geography

Denmark is located on the Jutland Peninsula and the islands of Funen, Zeeland, Falster, Lolland, Bornholm, parts of the North Frisian and others. In the south of the Jutland Peninsula, Denmark borders on Germany and is washed by the North and Baltic Seas; the Skagerrak separates Denmark from Norway, and the Kattegat and Øresund straits from Sweden. Formally, Denmark includes the world's largest island - Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, but these territories enjoy self-government, making them almost independent. area

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