Jamestown, Virginia

Article

May 28, 2022

Jamestown is the first settlement of the British in the territory of the modern United States (namely, in Virginia). It existed from 1607 to 1699, after which it was abandoned. Now it is an open-air museum, which, along with Williamsburg and Yorktown, is part of the so-called Virginia Historical Triangle.

History

In March 1584, Walter Raleigh received a patent from Queen Elizabeth I to settle land in the New World. Thanks to his active actions, the colony of Virginia was founded in 1585, named after the aforementioned "Virgin Queen". Attempts were made to create a settlement on the island of Roanoke, however, the first of them ended with the departure of the British home, and the second with the disappearance of the colonists. In 1606, King James I secured the right to colonize Virginia for two joint-stock companies: London and Plymouth. The London Company hired Captain Christopher Newport. On December 9, 1606, the Newport Expedition, consisting of three ships (Susan Constant, Godspit and Discovery), left the mouth of the Thames to the south. The passengers were gentlemen (in the historical sense of the word) and servants (poor people). In April 1607, the ships entered the Chesapeake Bay. The leadership of the colony was entrusted to a Council of 7 people, which included Newport, Bartholomew Gosnold, John Ratcliffe and John Smith. The British landed on the Continent on May 14, 1607. The new fort was named Jamestown in honor of King James I. On June 22, Captain Newport sailed for England to collect settlers and provisions, leaving 104 men behind. The colonists faced significant difficulties, in particular, diseases, lack of food and water, which caused hunger and cannibalism, a large number of people died. On October 8, the captain returned with people and provisions, he began to make such trips regularly. In late 1607, John Smith went out to explore and was captured by the Indians. In the book he later wrote, A History of Virginia, he says that he was brought to the camp of the leader of the Algonquin Union, Powhatan. Smith was to be executed by a blow to the head with a club, but he was saved by the young daughter of the leader, 12-year-old Pocahontas, who wrapped her arms around him. The leader gave Smith life, the Englishman went through an Indian ritual, after which