Jersey (island)

Article

August 11, 2022

Jersey (English Jersey [ˈdʒɜːrzi], French Jersey [ʒɛʁˈzɛ], Norman Jèrri) is an island in the English Channel, as part of the Channel Islands. The largest among the Channel Islands, the area is 116 km². Population: 105,500 (2017 estimate). Jersey is a Crown Dependency of the British Crown but is not part of the UK. The defense of Jersey is the responsibility of the UK. Jersey has its own parliament, the States of Jersey. Jersey also includes several small islands.

Etymology

According to E. M. Pospelov, of all attempts to interpret the etymology of the name of the island, two are most likely: 1) from Old Frisian gers (“grass”) + Scandinavian eu (“island”); 2) from the personal name of Geirr, which belonged to the Norman who conquered the island. See also New Jersey.

History

From 240 to 40 thousand years ago, Jersey, which was not an island then, was inhabited by Neanderthals. A long-term parking lot, many Neanderthal artifacts, mammoth bones with traces of fire exposure were found on the island. 13 Neanderthal teeth, found in 1910-1911 near the village of La Cotte de Saint-Brelade, have numerous similarities with the teeth of modern people and date back to about 48 thousand years ago. Professor Chris Stringer of the Natural History Museum in London said that the version of the hybrid origin of teeth is now being tested by paleogenetics trying to extract DNA from teeth. 10 engraved stone fragments found at Les Varines date back to 15,000 years ago. On a beach near the small village of Gori on the east coast of Jersey, a Bronze Age spearhead with the remains of a maple shaft was found. Radiocarbon dating of the maple yielded dates from 1207 to 1004 BC. Little is known about the fate of the island before 930 AD, but some discoveries testify to the stay of the Romans and Gauls on the island. In 511 Jersey became part of the Frankish Kingdom. It was at this time that the first Christian missionaries arrived on the island. But Christianity was finally established by Saint Helier in the 6th century. The island got its modern name in the 9th-10th centuries as a result of the Vikings staying on the island. Jersey remained �