Doctor of Science is a degree of the second, highest level (after a candidate of sciences) in the USSR, the Russian Federation, as well as in a number of CIS countries and in some former socialist countries.
In the USSR, it was established (together with the entire system of academic degrees and titles) by a decree of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR of January 13, 1934. In Russian universities, the degree of Doctor of Science is one of the conditions for participation in the competition for filling the position of a professor, as well as for conferring the academic title of the same name.
Grade award order
In the Russian Federation, the degree of doctor of science is awarded based on the results of a public defense of a doctoral dissertation. The applicant must have a PhD degree.
After a successful defense, the dissertation council of the institution where it took place, in most cases, is required to submit the relevant documents to the Higher Attestation Commission (HAC) for approval and the final decision on the award by the HAC presidium. In recent years, some leading scientific and educational institutions in Russia have been granted the right to award academic degrees on their own, without interaction with the Higher Attestation Commission (for 2020, there are only 29 such organizations). Moscow State University and St. Petersburg State University were the first to acquire this right, on September 1, 2017; on September 1, 2017, 19 more educational and 4 scientific organizations were added to them, and in 2018-2019, SPbPU, TSU, PMSMU, AFTU joined.
According to the Regulations on the procedure for awarding academic degrees, “a dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Science should be a scientific qualification work in which, based on the research performed by the author, theoretical provisions have been developed, the totality of which can be qualified as a new major scientific achievement, or a major scientific problem has been solved, having an important socio-cultural or economic significance, or scientifically based technical, economic or technological solutions are presented, the implementation of which makes a significant contribution to the development of the country's economy and increase its defense capability.
Protection occurs in a specific specialty. The full list of specialties is updated periodically, its latest version came into force on April 17, 2021.
The procedure for obtaining a doctorate degree