Golden Gate (Strait)


August 11, 2022

The Golden Gate is a strait that connects San Francisco Bay with the Pacific Ocean. The strait is 8 km long, 1.5–3 km wide, and up to 43 m deep. On the northern shore is Marin County, and on the southern shore is the city of San Francisco. In 1937, the famous Golden Gate Bridge was built across the strait. (The total length of the bridge is 2737 m, the length of the main span is 1280 m.) Vessels from many countries of the world go through the Golden Gate to one of the main ports on the west coast of the United States of America - Oakland. On February 22, 1901, one of the largest shipwrecks of the 20th century occurred here: the American passenger ship Rio de Janeiro crashed on the rocks; 128 people died. The first inhabitants of the area around the strait were the Indians. The first European settlement in this area was founded by the Spaniards in 1776.



National Park Service: Discovery of the Golden Gate Digitally Restored Panoramic Composited View of The Golden Gate, Fort Point, and San Francisco Bay as seen from "Land's End" near Sutro Heights, c. 1895. (English)