August 11, 2022

Islamism (Arabic الإسلام السياسي‎ - political Islam) is a religious and political ideology and practical activity aimed at creating conditions under which any contradictions within society and the state where there is a Muslim population, as well as interstate relations with their participation will be resolved on the basis of sharia law. Modifications of Islamism of varying degrees of radicalism are the ideology of such parties as the Muslim Brotherhood, En-Nahda in Tunisia, the Freedom and Justice Party and Al Noor in Egypt, the Justice and Welfare Party in Indonesia, the Justice and Development Party (Morocco) , Islah in Yemen, Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh, Jamaat-e-Islami in Pakistan, Union of Builders of Islamic Iran, Hezbollah in Lebanon, Hamas in Palestine, National Congress of Sudan, Islamic Liberation Front Moros, the Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Iraq and Syria, the Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines, and the Taliban in Afghanistan.

Sources and properties of Islamism

Damascus University professor Sadiq al-Azm believes that Islamism "represents a defensive reaction against the long-term erosion of the dominant role of Islam in the public, institutional, economic, social and cultural life of Muslim societies in the 20th century." In his opinion, Islamism is introduced into practice through "the revival of the concept of Islamic jihad (holy war) in its most powerful forms." Al-Azm lists the following essential features of Islamism: fundamentalism - as a return to the foundations of Islam (Salafism) revival of active faith and rites integralism - the unification of all spheres of life of society and the state under Sharia law theocracy - the restoration of Allah as the supreme power theonomism - literally "the supremacy of the laws of the Lord", the direct, literal and comprehensive application of sharia law terrorism as a way to inflict maximum damage on the enemy without taking into account any long-term consequences Islamism is the third totalitarian ideology.