Reception

Article

August 11, 2022

Kabul (Pashto and Dari کابل - Kabul) is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan. The city stands on the Kabul River, and is located at an altitude of 1,800 meters above sea level. The highway is connected with the cities of Ghazni, Kandahar, Herat, Mazar-i-Sharif. Ammunition, fabric, furniture, sugar are produced in Kabul. The city has a population of 4,273,156 (2020 est.).

Etymology

There are many legends about the origin of the city and its name. One of them reads: “The padishah’s horse stopped abruptly. There was no further way. Ahead stretched the water surface of the lake, in the middle of which a mysterious island was green. After a short hesitation, the padishah called his viziers and ordered them to prepare the crossing. They brought a lot of straw from near and far villages, poured it into the lake, strengthened the flooring with a layer of earth, and the crossing was ready. Having passed along the "straw bridge" to the island, the padishah heard the sounds of beautiful music. Skillful musicians lived on the island, devoting their leisure time to music and dancing. The padishah was fascinated by their game. He liked this valley so much that he decided to build a city here. In memory of his visit to the island, he ordered to name the city of Kapool (straw bridge). The command of the padishah was fulfilled, a city grew in the green valley. Over time, the name Kapuol turned into Kabul, and the remains of a large lake were preserved in its vicinity. Among the inhabitants of Kabul, there is another interpretation of the name of the city, based on the Afghan spelling of its name: "Water between flowers" آب در بين گل, that is, "a river flowing between flowering banks." According to E. M. Pospelov, the city was named from the hydronym of the same name, the etymology of which has not been precisely established.

History of the city

Antiquity

The city, known in ancient times as Kubha, is mentioned in the Indian religious collection Rigveda and in the Avesta, the sacred book of Zoroastrianism. The Rigveda praises the city as an ideal place to live in the mountains. The city was ruled by the Medes until it was captured by the Achaemenids. According to sources, at that time the city was already called "Kabura", this word was used by the Greek astrologer Claudius Ptolemy. The city became the cultural center of Zoroastrianism, Buddhism and Hinduism. Another source of description of the city are