Republic of China (Taiwan)

Article

August 11, 2022

The Republic of China (Chinese trad. 中華民國, pall. Zhonghua Minguo), in the international context, calls itself either the Republic of China (Taiwan), or simply Taiwan (after the name of the island that makes up most of the territory controlled by the republic) is a partially recognized state in East Asia , which previously had a one-party system, widespread diplomatic recognition and control over all of China. She was one of the founders of the UN and a permanent member of its Security Council. After the defeat of the Kuomintang ruling in the country from the Communist Party in the civil war of 1945-1950, only Taiwan and a number of small islands remained under the control of the Republic of China. She began to gradually lose international recognition, and in 1971 her place in the UN was transferred to the People's Republic of China. Currently (December 2021), Taiwan maintains formal diplomatic relations with 13 UN member states, but actual ties with most countries in the world through its missions. As a result of a series of political reforms carried out by President Lee Teng-hui in the late 1980s and early 1990s, it turned into a democratic state. The National Day of the Republic of China is celebrated on October 10.

History

Republic of China (1912-1949) The Republic of China was founded in 1912 and was ruled by the Kuomintang as a one-party state. She controlled a large part of mainland China and Mongolia (the latter not earlier than from 1917 until February 3, 1921). After the end of World War II, the group of islands of Taiwan and Penghu, which had belonged to Japan since 1895, came under the control of the Republic of China. Republic of China (Taiwan) In 1950, after the defeat in the civil war, the Kuomintang administration evacuated to Taiwan and established the city of Taipei as a temporary capital. The islands of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu and other small islands, including those in the South China Sea, remain under the control of the Republic of China. Despite de facto jurisdiction over this territory only, until the 1970s, the Republic of China was recognized by most states and international organizations as the legitimate authority.