Sino-Taiwan Crisis (2022)

Article

August 20, 2022

The China-Taiwan Crisis is a strained relationship between China and Taiwan in July and August 2022 caused by the scheduled visit of Speaker of the 52nd US House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi to Taiwan. The Chinese authorities reacted sharply negatively to the possibility of such a trip. During the start of Pelosi's trip, China began live-fire military exercises in the waters of Fujian Province, which shares a water border with Taiwan. The US has also increased its naval presence in the region. The visit of Nancy Pelosi was supposed to be accompanied by the aircraft carrier Ronald Reagan. As a result, the planned trip was postponed. The crisis prompted top Chinese and US leaders to hold a pre-arranged phone call in which Joe Biden stated that the United States was strongly opposed to any attempt to unilaterally change the status of Taiwan, while Xi Jinping, in turn, urged Biden to uphold the "one China" principle and warned the American president that "he who plays with fire will get burned." According to some experts, the so-called "populist" and "senseless" arrival of the highest US official Nancy Pelosi provoked a wider discussion and revision of the further policy of the Chinese authorities towards the island and the United States.

Background

Historical context

After the defeat in the civil war with the Chinese Communists in 1949, the conservative nationalist Kuomintang party evacuated from mainland China to the island of Taiwan, where it proclaimed itself the legitimate government of the Republic of China (founded back in 1912) and ruled until the early 1990s, exercising a tough control. An important factor in the socio-economic policy of the Kuomintang in Taiwan was the US political and economic pressure on the Kuomintang in order to adapt its program and policy to international realities. The United States provided Taiwan with economic assistance, most of which went to strengthening the defense of the island, and the rest to the economic transformation of Taiwan. Assistance was provided on very favorable financial terms: more than 80% of the assistance was free of charge, and the rest at low interest rates. The implementation of the funds provided was a fact