Sebastian Kurz (German Sebastian Kurz; born August 27, 1986, Vienna, Austria) is an Austrian politician and statesman.
Federal Chancellor of Austria (December 18, 2017 - May 27, 2019, January 7, 2020 - October 9, 2021). Previously served as Minister of Foreign Affairs of Austria (2013-2017). Chairman of the Austrian People's Party since 2017. On October 9, 2021, he announced his resignation from the position of Federal Chancellor.
Early years and education
Sebastian Kurz was born in the family of an engineer and a teacher and grew up in Vienna's 12th district, Meidling, where he still lives. He entered the federal gymnasium in Erlgasse in 1996, and after passing the final exam in 2004, he passed compulsory military service, in 2004-2005, in the Austrian Armed Forces. Then he entered the Faculty of Law at the University of Vienna. At the time of his appointment as Secretary of State for Integration in 2011, he was in his thirteenth semester of study.
The beginning of a political career
Kurz joined the youth organization of the Austrian People's Party at the age of 17, and at 23 he headed its Vienna committee. In 2009 he was elected chairman of the ANP youth organization. From 2010 to 2011, Kurz was a member of the Vienna City Council.
In April 2011, Kurz was appointed to the newly created position of Secretary of State for Integration (part of the Austrian Federal Ministry of the Interior). In the general elections in Austria in 2013, he was elected to the National Council of Austria.
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Austria
On December 16, 2013, 27-year-old Kurz was appointed Austrian Foreign Minister in Werner Faymann's second cabinet. The powers of the head of the Austrian Foreign Office were expanded at the request of Kurz to also include issues of social integration. At the time of his oath of office, Sebastian Kurz was the youngest minister of the Austrian government since the founding of the republic, the youngest foreign minister in the European Union and in the world.
As Austrian Foreign Minister, he chaired the OSCE from 1 January to 18 December 2017.
Federal Chancellor of Austria
At the early parliamentary elections in Austria on October 15, 2017, the Austrian people