Left

Article

July 3, 2022

The left in politics (the most extreme forms are called ultra-left or radical left) is the traditional name for many political directions and ideologies, the purpose of which, in particular, is social equality, social justice, the redistribution of income from the rich to the poor and the improvement of living conditions for the least privileged sections of society or complete abolition of the class division of society. The left is in favor of limiting or completely abolishing private ownership of the means of production. They strive for social equality - equalization of opportunities for members of different social groups. The opposite is the right. The left currents include communism (including Marxism), social anarchism, anarcho-communism, socialism (including socialism of the 21st century, democratic, libertarian, revolutionary, market and liberal), social democracy, social liberalism, laborism, environmentalism, green politics, reformism, progressivism and other movements that set themselves the same goals.

History

The terms "right" and "left" first appeared in the French National Assembly at the start of the French Revolution. Three directions arose in it: on the right sat the Feuillants - supporters of the constitutional monarchy; in the center were the Girondins, moderate supporters of the republic; on the left sat the Jacobins, who advocated radical reforms. Thus, right-wingers were originally called those who wished to maintain the status quo (conservatives), and left-those who advocated change (radicals). Until the middle of the 19th century, liberals who advocated political freedom and human rights, a departure from tradition, were viewed as leftists - because these ideas of theirs were not traditional and accepted in society. But then, with the development of socialist ideas, the left began to be called primarily their supporters, striving for social equality and social justice. The left included social democrats and anarchists (anarcho-communists, anarcho-syndicalists). When in the first half of the 20th century the communist parties emerged from the most radical wing of social democracy, they were also classified as left (“extreme left”). However, l