October 17, 2021

London (English London [ˈlʌndən] listen) is the capital and largest city of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Administratively it forms the Greater London region of England, divided into 33 self-governing territories. The population is 8,908,081 people. (2018) is the third largest city in Europe. Forms an agglomeration of Greater London and the wider metropolitan area. Located in the southeast of the island of Great Britain, on the plain at the Thames estuary, near the North Sea. The main political, economic and cultural center of the United Kingdom. London is one of the top-ranked global cities and the world's leading financial centers. Its economy is one fifth of the country's economy. In terms of GRP, London ranks 5th - 6th among the regional agglomerations of the world. London is one of the most attractive cities for investment, and has the largest number of international trading companies and individuals with ultra-large net worth of any city in the world. Founded by the Romans shortly after their invasion of the British Isles in AD 43. NS. Since about 100 A.D. NS. - the capital of Roman Britain, from the 11th-12th centuries - England, from 1707 - Great Britain, from the 16th to the 20th century - the British Empire. From 1825 to 1925 London was the largest city in the world. The historic city center, formed by the Westminster and City districts, developed during the Victorian era. Among the few buildings that survived here after the fire of 1666 is the medieval citadel Tower. In 2020, in commemoration of the 80th anniversary of General de Gaulle's "Speech on June 18", London was awarded the Order of the Legion of Honor.


The name of London goes back to the name of the city of Roman times "Londinium" (lat. Londinium), the origin of which is unclear. It is believed that it is pre-Roman, borrowed from the places where London still stands. The first, epigraphic, mention of it dates back to about 70 years (lat. Londinio "in Londinium"). Half a century later, the name of the city - "Londinium" (Latin Londinium) is found in Tacitus, about the middle of the II century - in Ptolemy (ancient Greek Λονδίνιον "Londinion"). Shortly before leaving the island, around 368, the Romans renamed the city to Augusta. In the documents of the 7th-9th centuries, the settlement

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