Mexico

Article

August 11, 2022

Mexico (Spanish México [ˈmexiko]), officially the United Mexican States (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos [esˈtaðos uˈniðoz mexiˈkanos]) is a state in North America, in the north it borders on the United States of America, in the southeast on Belize and Guatemala , in the west it is washed by the waters of the Gulf of California and the Pacific Ocean, in the east - by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. The largest Hispanic country in the world in terms of population.

Etymology

There are several hypotheses about the origin of the country's name, including those based on toponymic legends. According to one legend, the god of war and patron of the country, Huitzilopochtli, had a secret name "Metstli", or "Meshi". In this case, the toponym "Mexico" would mean "place of Mesha" or "land of war". Another hypothesis is that the name "Mexico" is derived from the fusion of the Aztec words mētztli ("moon") and xīctli ("navel") and thus means "place in the center of the moon", which may allegorically refer to the location of Tenochtitlan in the middle of the lake. Texcoco. Another hypothesis says that the name of the country is derived from Mektli, the goddess of the agave. The last two versions were rejected by the American linguist Francis Karttunen. In her opinion, the final form "Mēxihco" differs in vowel length from both intended components. The 16th-century Spanish missionary and linguist Bernardino de Sahagún noted in his writings that the toponymy of the Aztec languages ​​is full of mysticism, and, in turn, gave a mystical interpretation: Mexico can mean "the center of the world" and in many writings it is presented as a place where everyone flocks water currents that cross Anahuac ("world" or "land surrounded by seas") - in particular, in the drawings in the Codex Mendoza.

Physico-geographical characteristic

Geography

Being located in North America (approximately 23° north latitude and 102° west longitude), Mexico makes up the majority of Central America. In terms of physical geography, the area east of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, including the Yucatan Peninsula (which makes up about 12% of the country), is located in Central America; in terms of geology, the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt separates the northern