The civilian population or the civilian population is the population located on the territory of the warring parties, but at the same time not being part of the combatants, that is:
are not members of the regular armed forces of any of the belligerents,
do not take a direct part in military (combat) operations.
Rights and Interests
The norms of international law protect the interests and rights of the peaceful (civilian) population, and the following documents are best known:
The Hague Conventions and Declarations of 1899 and 1907,
Geneva Convention for the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, 1949,
Additional Protocols I and II to the Geneva Conventions of 1949, adopted in 1977. The most general objectives of legal regulation are that the belligerents contribute to reducing the suffering and losses of the civilian (civilian) population associated with the war, without any discrimination against protected persons for reasons of race, nationality, religion or political opinion.
The peaceful (civilian) population is granted immunity from military (combat) actions, it has the right to respect for the individual, honor, family rights, religious beliefs, and so on.
Hostage-taking, collective punishment, intimidation, condemnation and punishment are prohibited without a prior judicial decision issued in compliance with judicial guarantees.
The duties introduced by the belligerent and imposed on the peaceful (civilian) population should not be in the nature of enlisting them to participate in the war on the side of the enemy.
Aerial bombardments and artillery shelling of cities and towns with a peaceful (civilian) population are unacceptable.
During military operations at sea, the crews and passengers of merchant and passenger ships of both belligerent and neutral countries are equated to the civilian population.
Cleanliness of weapons
Bombing of Dresden
Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Bombing of Hamburg
Bombing of Tokyo on March 10, 1945
Bombing of Helsinki
Civilian population - an article from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia.