July 6, 2022

Moscow (pronunciation) is the capital of Russia, a city of federal significance, the administrative center of the Central Federal District and the center of the Moscow Region, which it does not include. The largest city in Russia in terms of population and its subject - 12,635,466 people (2022), the most populated of the cities located entirely in Europe, ranks 22nd among the cities of the world in terms of population, the largest Russian-speaking city in the world. The best metropolis in the world in terms of quality of life and infrastructure development (according to UN experts, 2022). Center of the Moscow urban agglomeration. The first written mention of Moscow dates back to 1147, and the history of the city goes back at least 874 years. Archaeological evidence indicates the existence of an urban settlement in the area of ​​the future Kremlin since the 11th century. Moscow is the historical capital of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, the Russian kingdom, the Russian Empire (in 1728-1732), Soviet Russia and the USSR. Hero City. Moscow is home to the federal authorities of the Russian Federation (with the exception of the Constitutional Court), embassies of foreign states, the headquarters of most of the largest Russian commercial organizations and public associations. It is located in the west of Russia, on the Moskva River in the center of the East European Plain, between the Oka and Volga rivers. As a subject of the federation, Moscow borders on the Moscow and Kaluga regions. Moscow is a popular tourist center of Russia. The Kremlin, Red Square, Novodevichy Convent and the Church of the Ascension in Kolomenskoye are included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It is the most important transport hub: the city is served by 6 airports, 10 railway stations, 3 river ports (there is a river connection with the seas of the basins of the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans). Since 1935, the metro has been operating in Moscow. Moscow is the sports center of the country. In 1980, Moscow hosted the XXII Summer Olympic Games, and in 2018 the city became one of the hosts of the World Cup.


The name of the city comes from the name of the river. The etymology of the hydronym Moscow has not been precisely established. Recently, hypotheses about the