Floods in India and Bangladesh (2022)

Article

July 6, 2022

In May 2022, floods caused by heavy rains hit northeast India and Bangladesh. They affected over 9 million people in both countries, more than 116 people died. 1,900 villages were flooded after several days of heavy rains in mountainous areas, causing many of the region's rivers, mainly the Brahmaputra and Barak, to burst their banks.

Background

Bangladesh and northeastern India, especially Assam, are mostly flood plains with numerous rivers running through them, the most famous of which are the Ganges and the Brahmaputra. The region has the Barak-Surma-Kushiyara river system which flows through northeastern Bangladesh and the Barak Valley in Assam. Due to the large amount of water coming from the Himalayas and the heavy monsoon rains, flooding in this region occurs regularly.

Events

The floods in May 2022 were caused by excess rainfall across the state, especially in the Barak Valley. By May 25, they had affected more than 6,000 people, and 25 people had died. Thousands of villages and more than 110,000 hectares of cropland were affected across the state, according to the Assam State Disaster Management Authority. The North Kachar Mountain district in Assam was briefly cut off from the rest of the state. Authorities have set up several aid camps across the state that are sheltering thousands of people. Railway lines were also affected by floods and landslides. Downpours hit the region again in June. By June 17, 2022, floods and landslides were reported to have killed 20 people in Assam and 18 in Meghalaya. In Arunachal Pradesh, heavy rains and landslides affected many areas across the state, killing one person and missing three. More than 4,000 villages in 32 districts were affected, and 1.5 million people needed shelter in 500 relief camps. A large number of landslides were also recorded. The water level in the Brahmaputra River, its tributaries Jia-Bharali, Puthimari, Manas, Beki and the rivers of the Barak Barak and Kushiyara valleys rose. In Tripura, flooding in several rivers forced 12,000 people to flee their homes. Floods in Bangladesh