Nazarbayev, Nursultan Abishevich
January 24, 2022
Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev (Kaz. Nұrsұltan әB) Nazarbayev [nʊrsʊltɑn æbʃʊʃʊlɯ nɑzɑrbɑ.jɪf] Listen; born July 6, 1940, with. Chewagan, Kasklensky district, Almaty region, Kazakh SSR, USSR) - Soviet and Kazakhstan State and politician who led Kazakhstan from 1989 to 2019. President of the Kazakh SSR (1990-1991). The first President of the Republic of Kazakhstan from December 16, 1991 to March 20, 2019. He was elected head of state in the elections in 1991, 1999, 2005, 2011, 2015. After leaving the presidency, he retained the posts of head of the Security Council of Kazakhstan and chairman of the ruling Nur Otan party, and also remained a member of the Constitutional Council of Kazakhstan. Chairman of the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan (1995-2021). From 2007 to 2021 - Chairman of the Nur Otan party. Chairman of the Security Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan (1991-2022). Member of the Constitutional Council of Kazakhstan (since 2019). The record holder for the length of time in power in the post-Soviet space was the leader of Kazakhstan from June 22, 1989 (until April 24, 1990 as the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan) to March 19, 2019, or 29 years, 8 months and 26 days. Bearer of the official title of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Elbasy (Leader of the Nation) since 2010. Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Kazakh SSR (1990). First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan (1989-1991). Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR (1984-1989). Member of the Central Committee of the CPSU (1986-1991); member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU (1990-1991). Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan (1979-1984). Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of the 10-11th convocations (1979-1989) from the North Kazakhstan region. People's Deputy of the USSR (1989-1991).