Nazi Germany


July 6, 2022

Nazi Germany; also Hitler's Germany, the Third Reich (German: Das Dritte Reich) or fascist Germany; self-name until 1943 German Reich (German: Deutsches Reich), then Greater German Reich (German: Großdeutsches Reich) - the German state during the Nazi regime, the totalitarian dictatorship of the NSDAP in 1933-1945. The official political ideology of Nazi Germany and the backbone of the Nazi regime was National Socialism, which declared its goal the creation and establishment of a “racially pure” state of the “Aryan race” on a fairly vast territory, which has everything necessary for a prosperous existence for an indefinitely long time (“thousand-year Reich "). The Nazi leadership of Germany in 1933-1945 pursued the most brutal domestic and foreign policy, including the persecution and mass destruction of representatives of various ethnic and social groups (Soviet prisoners of war, Poles, Jews, gypsies, hopelessly ill and disabled people, etc.). In 1939, Nazi Germany launched World War II, during which tens of millions of people died. As a result of military defeat in 1945 by the Soviet Union and its Western allies, Nazi Germany ceased to exist. A number of war criminals from Nazi Germany were convicted in several trials. The main, Nuremberg trials of the main German war criminals - the top leaders of Nazi Germany took place in 1945-1946. The accused were brought before the International Military Tribunal. The leadership of the NSDAP and some of the power structures of Germany - the SS (including the SD) and the Gestapo - were recognized as criminal organizations. The Nuremberg trials marked the beginning of the development of international criminal law, the judiciary and judicial proceedings.

State name

The official name of Germany from 1933 to 1943 was the "German Reich" (German: Deutsches Reich), adopted in 1871 with the proclamation of the German Empire and preserved by the Weimar constitution. Since 1943, it has been changed to "Great German Reich" (German: Großdeutsches Reich). However, in the English-language and Russian-language literature after the Second World War,