New York

Article

August 19, 2022

New York (Eng. New York City, IPA: New York listen, [nuː ˈjɔɹk ˈsɪti] or [njuː ˈjɔːk ˈsɪti]) is the largest city in the United States, part of one of the largest agglomerations in the world. The population of the city is 8,405,837 people, the agglomeration - 20.63 million (2015 estimate). New York is located on the Atlantic Ocean in southeastern New York State. The city was founded in the early 17th century by Dutch colonists and was called New Amsterdam until 1664. New York includes five administrative districts (districts, boroughs): the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan and Staten Island. The main attractions are located in the borough of Manhattan. Among them: historical skyscrapers (Empire State Building, Chrysler Building), Rockefeller Center, Woolworth Building, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Metropolitan Opera, Carnegie Hall, Solomon Guggenheim Museum (painting), American Museum of Natural History (skeletons dinosaurs and planetarium), Plaza Hotel, Waldorf Astoria Hotel, Chelsea Hotel, United Nations Headquarters, Harlem. New York is an important world financial, political, economic and cultural center.

History

In the territory where New York is now located, long before the arrival of Europeans, the Indian tribes of Manahattou and Canarsie lived here. This is confirmed by the finds of arrowheads and other artifacts in areas of the city that are not built up with buildings, such as Inwood Hill Park and Riverside Park. European settlements appeared here in 1624. In 1625, the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam (Dutch. Nieuw Amsterdam) was founded on the southern tip of Manhattan. In 1664, the city was captured by the British, who did not meet with resistance from Governor Stuyvesant, after which the city was renamed New York (Eng. New York) in honor of the initiator of the capture, the Duke of York. As a result of the Second Anglo-Dutch War in 1667, the Dutch officially handed over New York to the British in exchange for the colony of Suriname. At the beginning of the War of Independence, the modern territory of the city was the scene of important battles. As a result of the Battle of Brooklyn, a large fire started in Brooklyn, in which much of the city burned down. New York came under British control until the Americans recaptured it in 1783. This day, by