Object of cultural heritage of Russia

Article

January 24, 2022

Objects of cultural heritage (monuments of history and culture) of the peoples of the Russian Federation - objects of immovable property (including objects of archaeological heritage) and other objects with historically associated territories, works of painting, sculpture, arts and crafts, objects of science and technology and other items of material cultures that have arisen as a result of historical events, which are of value in terms of history, archeology, architecture, urban planning, art, science and technology, aesthetics, ethnology or anthropology, social culture and are evidence of epochs and civilizations, authentic sources of information about the origin and development culture.

Legal framework

The fundamental norms for the protection of cultural and historical heritage are enshrined in Art. 44 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation: 2. Everyone has the right to participate in cultural life and use cultural institutions, to have access to cultural property. 3. Everyone is obliged to take care of the preservation of historical and cultural heritage, to protect historical and cultural monuments. Identification, use, accounting and ensuring the safety of objects of cultural heritage of the Russian Federation are regulated by the following legal acts: Federal Law of June 25, 2002 No. 73-FZ "On objects of cultural heritage (monuments of history and culture) of the peoples of the Russian Federation"; Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of November 30, 1992 No. 1487 "On especially valuable objects of cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation"; Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of July 15, 2009 No. 569 “On Approval of the Regulations on the State Historical and Cultural Expertise”; Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of September 12, 2015 No. 972 “On Approval of the Regulations on the Protection Zones of Cultural Heritage Objects (Historical and Cultural Monuments) of the Peoples of the Russian Federation and on the Recognition of Certain Provisions of Regulatory Legal Acts of the Government of the Russian Federation as invalid”; Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of February 20, 2014 No. 127 “On approval of the Rules for the issuance, suspension and termination of permits (open sheets) for work to identify and study

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