CSTO operation in Kazakhstan

Article

January 24, 2022

The CSTO operation in Kazakhstan was carried out by Russia and other member countries of the organization in January 2022 at the request of the President of Kazakhstan, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, in connection with mass protests that escalated into armed clashes between protesters and government forces in Almaty. The operation was announced as a peacekeeping mission to protect the most important state and strategic facilities of Kazakhstan and assist the Kazakh side in maintaining law and order.

Legal basis

The Collective Security Treaty was signed by Kazakhstan on May 15, 1992 and deposited on April 20, 1994. In accordance with Article 4 of the Treaty: If one of the participating states is subjected to aggression (an armed attack that threatens security, stability, territorial integrity and sovereignty), then this will be considered by the participating states as aggression (an armed attack that threatens security, stability, territorial integrity and sovereignty) on all states - parties to this Agreement. In the event of aggression (an armed attack that threatens security, stability, territorial integrity and sovereignty) against any of the participating States, all other participating States, at the request of this participating State, will immediately provide it with the necessary assistance, including military, as well as provide support to those in their disposal of funds in the exercise of the right to collective defense in accordance with Article 51 of the UN Charter.

History

On the afternoon of January 5, 2022, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov stated that Kazakhstan did not turn to Russia for help and that the protests were internal problems of Kazakhstan that he could solve on his own. In the evening of the same day, President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev turned to the CSTO with a request for support, stating that there was a “terrorist threat”. He claims that "terrorist gangs trained abroad" operate in Kazakhstan. On the night of January 5-6, 2022, the Chairman of the Collective Security Council of the CSTO, Prime Minister of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan announced that the organization

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