Organization of the Collective Security Treaty

Article

January 24, 2022

The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), less often the "Tashkent Pact", "Tashkent Treaty" is a regional international organization whose proclaimed goals are "strengthening peace, international and regional security and stability, collectively protecting independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty Member States, the achievement of which Member States give priority to political means”. The beginning of the CSTO was laid on May 15, 1992 by the signing of the Collective Security Treaty in Tashkent (Uzbekistan). The highest body is the Collective Security Council (CSC), which appoints the Secretary General of the organization. The total population of the countries that are members of the CSTO is 193,835,249 people (2021). The number of peacekeeping forces for 2022 is 3,600 people.

History

After the collapse of the USSR, the post-Soviet independent states, on May 15, 1992, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan signed a collective security treaty (CST) in Tashkent. Azerbaijan signed the treaty on September 24, 1993, Georgia on September 9, 1993, Belarus - December 31, 1993. The treaty entered into force on April 20, 1994. The contract was for 5 years and could be extended. On April 2, 1999, the presidents of Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan signed a protocol to extend the agreement for the next five-year period, but Azerbaijan, Georgia and Uzbekistan refused to extend the agreement; in the same year Uzbekistan joined GUAM. At the Moscow session of the Collective Security Treaty on May 14, 2002, a decision was made to transform the Collective Security Treaty Organization into a full-fledged international organization - the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO). On October 7, 2002, the Charter and the Agreement on the Legal Status of the CSTO were signed in Chisinau, which were ratified by all CSTO member states and entered into force on September 18, 2003. On December 2, 2004, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on granting the CSTO observer status in the UN General Assembly. On August 16, 2006, a decision was signed in Sochi on the full accession (restoration of membership) of Uzbekistan to the CSTO. February 4, 2009

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