Parliamentary elections in France (2022)

Article

July 6, 2022

Parliamentary elections in France were held on 12 and 19 June 2022. They were elected 577 deputies of the 16th National Assembly of the Fifth French Republic. The elections took place after the presidential elections held in April 2022. They have been called the most indecisive parliamentary elections since the five-year term was established in 2000 and the election calendar was changed in 2002. For the first time since 1997, a sitting French president does not have an absolute majority in parliament. As neither alliance won a majority, this led to a hung parliament for the first time since 1988. Four main blocs competed in the legislative elections: the center-right "Together" of the presidential majority, including Emmanuel Macron's Renaissance, the Territories of Progress, the Democratic Movement, Horizons and their allies; the New People's Ecological and Social Union (NUPES), which includes Unbowed France, the Socialist Party, Europe Ecology Greens, and the French Communist Party, among others; Right-Center Union (UDC), including the Republicans, the Union of Democrats and Independents and their allies; and National Rally (RN). The NUPES alliance was formed two months after a presidential election in which the votes of the left were divided; it consisted of the first alliance of the French Left since the Pluralist Left in 1997. In the first round, there was controversy between the Ministry of the Interior and the media over which bloc finished first, as both NUPES and Together received about 26% of the vote. They are followed by RN with about 19% and UDC with about 11%. The turnout in the first round was a record low 47.5%. In the second round, where turnout was higher than in 2017, Macron's "Together" coalition won the most seats (245) but fell short of an outright majority of 44 seats. NUPES was supposed to get 131 (Ministry of the Interior) or 142 seats (Le Monde), while the far-right RN would become the largest parliamentary opposition as a party (89). The UDC got enough seats (64 or 71) to become a powerful force in the next government, but suffered losses. The results were hailed by political observers