noon shot

Article

July 6, 2022

Midday Shot is a tradition in Sevastopol, St. Petersburg, Vladivostok and Kronstadt to celebrate noon with a shot from an artillery gun. In St. Petersburg, it is made from the wall of the Naryshkin bastion of the Peter and Paul Fortress, which is provided for by Article 8 of the Charter of St. Petersburg.

History

Since the summer of 1703, the cannon on the Sovereign's bastion of the Peter and Paul Fortress reported on the start and stop of work. Already in 1704, on the Sovereign's bastion, under a cannon volley, they raised and lowered the flag, which was raised "from breaking through the morning dawn until evening." Later, from the ramparts of the Admiralty, a cannon began to announce the rise of water in the Neva during floods. For the first time in history, a daily noon shot from a cannon began to be fired in Sevastopol and Nikolaev in 1819 by order of the commander of the Black Sea Fleet, Admiral Greig, as a signal by which ship, church and admiralty clocks were checked and set. Petersburg joined this tradition in 1865, Kronstadt in 1872, and Vladivostok in 1889. On February 6 (18), 1865, a cannon shot was fired over the Neva for the first time from the courtyard of the Admiralty at exactly noon. In the autumn of 1872, the signal cannon was transferred to the Peter and Paul Fortress. From July 1934, the noon shot tradition was abolished. But in connection with the celebration of the 250th anniversary of the city, from June 23, 1957, they again began to produce a midday shot. Since 1958, two 152-mm M-10 howitzers of the 1938 model were located on the Naryshkin bastion; in April 2002 they were replaced due to the exhaustion of the stock of charges. Until June 23, 2009, the shot was fired from a 152-mm howitzer-gun of the 1937 model (ML-20). At present (2022), two D-30 122 mm howitzers of 1975 and 1979 are installed on the Naryshkin bastion to produce a signal shot. They are served by two people. For a long time, military personnel of the Leningrad Military District were responsible for the signal guns. Now the guns have been transferred to the jurisdiction of ROSTO, and their calculation includes employees of the State Museum of the History of St. Petersburg, retired military men. They wear naval uniforms. The shot produces one gun, the second is a spare. In exceptional cases, the shot is fired one