May 28, 2022

Poland (Polish Polska [ˈpɔlska] listen), the official name is the Republic of Poland (Polish Rzeczpospolita Polska [ʐɛt͡ʂpɔˈspɔlita ˈpɔlska]) is a state in Central Europe. The population at the end of 2021 is 37,881,262 people, the territory is 312,679 km². It ranks 37th in the world in terms of population and 69th in terms of territory. The capital is Warsaw. The official language is Polish. Unitary state, presidential-parliamentary republic. President - Andrzej Duda. Prime Minister - Mateusz Morawiecki. It is subdivided into 16 provinces. Located in the center of Europe. It is washed in the north by the Baltic Sea. It has a land border with Russia (Kaliningrad region), Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Germany. Most of the believers (about 87% of the population) profess Catholicism, which makes Poland the country with the largest Catholic population in Central Europe. Industrialized country with a developed economy. The volume of GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita is $37,786 per year (2021). In 2021, Poland's GDP at PPP amounted to $ 1,430 billion. The monetary unit is the Polish zloty (the average rate for 2016 is 3.8 zloty per 1 US dollar).

General information

Poland covers an area of ​​312,679 km², according to this indicator, the country is in 69th place in the world and tenth in Europe. The population is 38 million people (33rd in the world). The country is divided into 16 voivodships, which in turn are divided into powiats (counties) and gminas (volosts). The date of creation of the first Polish state is considered to be 966, when Mieszko I converted to Christianity. Poland became a kingdom in 1025, and in 1569 united with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (I Rzeczpospolita). In 1795, as a result of three partitions, when the territory was divided between Prussia, Austria and Russia, the Polish state ceased to exist. During the Napoleonic wars in the period 1807-1813. there was the Duchy of Warsaw, most of which in 1815 became part of Russia as the so-called Kingdom of Poland. Poland regained independence in 1918 after the First World War (II Rzeczpospolita), but in 1939 was divided between Germany and the USSR. After the war, Poland within the new borders (without Western Belarus