August 11, 2022

Pseudoscience (from the Greek ψευδής "false" + science), pseudoscience - an activity or doctrine presented by supporters as scientific, but in fact they are not. Another common definition of pseudoscience is “an imaginary or false science; a body of beliefs about the world that is erroneously regarded as based on the scientific method or as having the status of modern scientific truths. Pseudoscience is often motivated by the same goal as applied science - the achievement of an immediate, practically useful result. However, pseudoscience demagogically appeals to scientific methods, only imitating them. At the same time, it never sets itself the true knowledge of reality as a central task. The damage to people and society from the spread of pseudoscientific ideas is not only a distortion of the worldview; sometimes the price is health and life. There are terms that are close in meaning: “parascience”, “quasi-science”, “alternative science”, “non-academic science”. English-language literature also uses terms such as pathological science, junk science, voodoo science, crackpot science, and bad science for pseudoscience. Some researchers designate the complex of these concepts, which distort the image of genuine science, with the term "deviant science" (from Latin deviatio - deviation, deviation), indicating that these negative forms parasitize on the body of science and lead to deformations of its value core. The sociocultural source of the popularity (and, accordingly, the reason for ideological support) of pseudoscience is that “it implements the temptation of simple solutions, serves the social demand for a deciphering of ‘opaque’ phenomena of nature and culture that is generally accessible, understandable to the masses and does not require special professional training.” Also, the popularity of pseudoscience contributes to the satisfaction with its help of religious, nationalist, political and similar goals. The issue of scientific status is extremely important for representatives of various non-scientific trends, as a result of which pseudoscience is often called by its supporters "alternative" ("folk") science. Due to the fact that over the past 300 years, impressive successes have been achieved with the help of the scientific method in various fields of knowledge, in society