Pskov

Article

January 24, 2022

Pskov is a city in Russia, the administrative center of the Pskov region, in the Northwestern Federal District. It is a city of regional subordination; forms an independent municipal formation of the city of Pskov in the status of an urban district. It is located on the Velikaya River at its confluence with the Pskova River. Population - 209 426 people. (2021). Pskov is one of the oldest cities in Russia, first mentioned in the Laurentian Chronicle under 903. In 1348-1510 it was the capital of the independent Pskov Republic. In 1510 the city became part of the Russian centralized state. Until the beginning of the 18th century, Pskov was one of the largest cities in Russia and Europe, the most important defensive and commercial center of the country. The Pskov fortress consisted of five fortress rings (three of which have been preserved to this day), which made Pskov almost impregnable. Throughout its centuries-old history, Pskov has repeatedly become the center of major hostilities, but was taken only once, not counting the occupation during both world wars. After the founding of St. Petersburg, Pskov lost its dominant position on the western borders of the country, and after the results of the Northern War, the borders shifted far to the west and Riga and Revel (now Tallinn) went to the Russian Empire, the importance of Pskov as a trading and defensive point finally fell . During the Great Patriotic War, the city was occupied by Germany for three years, during which time 3.5 thousand civilians died. In December 2009, Pskov was awarded the title of "City of Military Glory". Pskov is an important tourist center of the Pskov region and northwest Russia. Monuments of ancient Pskov are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Trinity Cathedral, Pskov Fortress, Mirozhsky Monastery, Pogankin Chambers, a number of ancient churches of Pskov are included in the list of cultural heritage of the Russian Federation. The city is also a major transport hub; it is located at the intersection of railways and major highways. A network of intercity buses has been developed.

Etymology

The name of the city is associated with a hydronym - the Pskova River. There are different versions of the origin of the name of the city and the river. According to one of them - of Slavic origin - on

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