Workers' and Peasants' Red Army

Article

July 3, 2022

Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army (abbr. Red Army) - the formation of the armed forces, the ground forces of the RSFSR in 1918-1922 and the ground component of the armed forces of the USSR in 1922-1946 (from 1917 to February 1918 - the Red Guard, in the period from November 1939 year, gradually all the governing bodies and the official name were changed from the Red Army to the KA (Red Army), since 1946 - the Soviet Army). The Red Army is the official name of the types of armed forces: the ground forces and the air force. February 23, 1918 is considered to be the day of the creation of the Red Army (see Defender of the Fatherland Day). It was on this day that the mass enrollment of volunteers in the Red Army detachments began, created in accordance with the decree of the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR "On the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army", signed on January 15 (28), 1918. On April 13, 1918, the Latvian Rifle Division was formed from the Latvian riflemen, which became the first division of the Red Army.

History of the Red Army

On January 15, 1918, the Decree of the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR "On the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army" was published. It said: ... The Council of People's Commissars decides: to organize a new army under the name "Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army", on the following grounds: 1) The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army is created from the most conscious and organized elements of the working classes. 2) Access to its ranks is open to all citizens of the Russian Republic not younger than 18 years old. Everyone enters the Red Army who is ready to give his strength, his life to defend the conquered October Revolution, and the power of the Soviets and socialism. On January 10, 1918, a document was signed in Kharkov on the formation of the Red Cossacks, headed by V. M. Primakov, which soon became part of the Red Army. On February 23 (N.S.) 1918, the appeal of the Council of People's Commissars of February 21 “The socialist fatherland is in danger!” Was published, as well as the “Appeal of the Military Commander-in-Chief” N. V. Krylenko, which ended with the words: <…> All to arms. All in defense of the revolution! The general mobilization for digging trenches and the expulsion of trench detachments is entrusted to the soviets, with the appointment of responsible commissars with unlimited powers for each detachment. This order is sent as