July 6, 2022

Rector (Latin rector - manager) - the head of a higher educational institution. During the Renaissance, rectors were the chief teachers and heads of multi-class schools. In France, a rector is also called a person who heads an educational district (“academy”).

In Russia

The position was restored in 1939. However, until March 1961, according to the Model Charter of a higher educational institution, the heads of higher education institutions (educational institutions), with the exception of universities, were still called directors, and only with the adoption of the "Regulations on Higher Educational Institutions" the position of the director of the university was replaced by the rector.

Rector Qualification Requirements

In Russia, the following qualification requirements for rectors have been established: higher professional education, additional professional education in the field of state and municipal administration, personnel management, project management, management and economics; the presence of an academic degree and academic title and (or) - in relation to educational organizations in the field of arts, physical culture and sports, theological and religious education - the presence of an honorary degree and (or) honorary title; the presence of at least 5 years of work experience in managerial positions in educational institutions of higher education or at least 10 years of total work experience in managerial positions and at least 5 years of experience in scientific or scientific-pedagogical activity.

Rector election procedure

The rector, in accordance with the procedure established by the charter of a higher educational institution, is elected from among the candidates agreed with the attestation commission of the relevant authorized executive body or the executive and administrative body of the city district, by secret ballot at a general meeting (conference) for a period not exceeding 5 years, based on the results discussions of applicants' (applicant's) programs. The procedure for nominating candidates for the position of rector, the timing and procedure for holding the election of the rector are determined by the academic council of the higher educational institution. The nomination procedure should provide for the possibility of self-nomination. After the election of the rector between him and the executive authority or executive