List of Roman emperors


May 28, 2022

The first emperor (in the modern sense) of Rome was Octavian Augustus: after defeating Mark Antony and returning from Egypt, he staged a triumph and on January 13, 27 BC. e. resigned his emergency powers before the senate and announced the restoration of the Republic, but retained the command of 5 legions and the title of emperor (as a permanent prenomen). After the assassination of Emperor Commodus, the Roman Empire entered the Crisis of the III century, when numerous usurpers began to appear. In 395, the empire was finally divided into the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire. In 476, the last Western Roman emperor, Romulus Augustus, was overthrown (although Julius Nepos formally considered himself emperor until 480). The Western Roman Empire fell, and the Eastern Roman Empire, called by historians from that time Byzantium, continued to exist for almost a thousand more years, until 1453, when Constantinople was captured by the Ottoman Turks, with a break from 1204 to 1261, when Constantinople was captured by the Crusaders. List of Roman emperors in chronological order, with usurpers in italics. Generals who raised uprisings against the central government, but were not formally proclaimed emperors (with the exception of those traditionally included, for example, Macrian the Elder) are not indicated. As co-rulers, the heirs of power are indicated (starting from the middle of the 1st century, the status of the heir almost always coincided with the title of Caesar), official co-rulers, sometimes regents when the emperor was inactive. Names of impostors are in italics; the lines related to them are highlighted with a darker background shade.



1st Interregnum



2nd Interregnum


Crisis of III century

All emperors (and usurpers) of this period died a violent death, except for Hostilian

Soldier Emperors

Emperors of Gaul

The Gallic Empire (lat. Imperium Galliarum) is a state formation that arose on the territory of Roman Gaul during the crisis of the III century. The empire lasted from 260 to 274. and included the territories of the provinces of Gaul, Iberia, Britain and Germany (after the death of Postumus, Iberia was reunited with the Roman