Rynda (bell)

Article

May 22, 2022

Rynda is a well-established Russian name for a ship's bell. Moreover, the term "ship (ship) bell" is more accurate, and the rynda, strictly speaking, is the ringing of a ship's bell at noon - 3 strokes in a row. They beat the rynda every half an hour to indicate the time (“flasks are beaten” starting from half an hour - one bottle, then increasing up to 8 beats), also to notify of a fire alarm and to give signals in case of fog. 8 blows to the bell (8 bottles) indicate noon. Typically, bells are installed on all modern ships and vessels. In Russia and the CIS, the bell profile is designed according to GOST 8117-74.

History

For the first time, ship bells on a ship began to be used by the British from the 15th-16th centuries. Gradually, the use of the bell was adopted by all European maritime powers. In Russia, the ship's bell appeared on ships at the beginning of the 18th century, along with the reforms of Peter I, who shifted the English charter of maritime service for the Russian fleet into the "Marine Charter" of 1720. According to the charter, the teams were given in English and the English team. Ring a bell! (“beat the bell!”) was transformed by the sailors into a more understandable “beat the rynda!” for them. Therefore, often the ship's bell is mistakenly called "rynda". It is noteworthy that in pre-Petrine times, squires-bodyguards were called "rynda", a concept that was known to Russian sailors. Linguists have not yet reached unity in the origin of the word "rynda", but it has been known since medieval times. In those days, there was a now forgotten verb “soar”, that is, shake. Quite logically, what was shaking had the name “rynda.” The bell was used to indicate the time and to signal in case of poor visibility. According to maritime custom, the bell was cast along with the name of the ship on which the bell was intended to be used. If the ship changed its name, the old bell with the old name was left on it. This tradition has helped to identify sunken ships many times. By the ship's bell raised by the submariners, one could immediately find out the name of the ship and the time of its laying. Currently, the use of the ship's bell is regulated by regulations (Part D). According to them, any ship over 12 meters long should be equipped with a bell.