Union of Soviet Socialist Republics


July 6, 2022

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, abbreviated as the USSR, the Soviet Union, the Union of the SSR is a state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. At the time of the collapse, the USSR occupied almost 1⁄6 of the inhabited land of the Earth with a population of 293 million people, as well as 2nd place in the world in terms of industrial production - 16.5% of the world volume and 7th place in the world in terms of national income ( 3.4%. The USSR was formed on the territory that by 1917 was occupied by the Russian Empire without Finland, part of the Polish kingdom and some other territories. Soviet power in this territory was established as a result of the October Revolution of 1917 and the Civil War that followed. On December 30, 1922, the RSFSR, the Ukrainian SSR, the Byelorussian SSR and the Transcaucasian SFSR merged into one state - the Union of the SSR - with single bodies of political power with the capital in Moscow, while de jure retaining for each union republic the right to freely secede from the Union. On June 22, 1941, Germany, with the support of the Allies, attacked the USSR. The Great Patriotic War began, after the victory in which the USSR became, along with the United States, a superpower. The Soviet Union dominated the world socialist system and was also a co-founder of the UN, a permanent member of the UN Security Council with veto power. According to the provisions of the Constitution of 1977, the USSR was proclaimed a single union multinational socialist state. Union republics were considered sovereign states. Since 1990, the procedure for the withdrawal of republics from the Union has been regulated by a special law. The Union Republic had the right to enter into relations with foreign states, conclude agreements with them and exchange diplomatic and consular representatives, and participate in the activities of international organizations. Among the 50 founding countries of the UN, along with the USSR, were its two union republics: the BSSR and the Ukrainian SSR. Due to the low efficiency of the economic system, heavy dependence on energy prices, significant spending on the arms race, massive shortages of goods, ethnic conflicts and other problems in the second half of the 1980s, an economic and political crisis occurred in the USSR. The internal political confrontation has escalated