United States of America

Article

January 24, 2022

The United States of America (eng. The United States of America [ði juˌnaɪtɪd ˌsteɪts əv əˈmerɪkə]), abbreviated USA (eng. USA), or the United States (eng. United States, U.S., colloquially - America) is a state in North America. The area is 9.5 million km² (4th place in the world). The population is just over 333 million people (2021 estimate; 3rd in the world). The United States has a federal form of device, administratively divided into 50 states and the Federal District of Columbia; they also control a number of island territories (Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam and others). The capital is the city of Washington (District of Columbia), and the largest in terms of population is the city of New York. The United States borders Canada in the north, Mexico in the south, and also has a maritime border with Russia in the west. They are washed by the Pacific Ocean from the west, the Atlantic Ocean from the east and the Arctic Ocean from the north. The United States of America was formed in 1776 by the union of thirteen British colonies that declared their independence. The War of Independence continued until 1783 and ended in victory for the colonists. In 1787, the US Constitution was adopted, and in 1791, the Bill of Rights, which significantly limited the powers of the government in relation to citizens. In 1861, the contradictions between the slave-owning southern and industrial northern states led to the start of a four-year Civil War. The consequence of the victory of the northern states was the widespread prohibition of slavery, as well as the restoration of the country after the split that arose when the southern states united into the Confederation and declared their independence. Until the First World War, US foreign policy activity was limited to interests in the territories of North, Central and South America - in accordance with the Monroe Doctrine formulated back in 1823. After the First World War, the United States Congress did not give consent to the country's entry into international organizations (for example, the League of Nations and the Chamber of International Justice under it), which limited the role of the United States in world politics. However, the country's participation in the anti-Hitler coalition significantly increased the influence of the United States on the world stage, and from the second half of the 20th century the country became the core of the so-called. "First World". In 1945 the USA

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