Saks, Adolf

Article

July 6, 2022

Adolf (Antoine Joseph) Sax (fr. Antoine-Joseph (Adolphe) Sax; November 6, 1814, Dinan, Belgium - February 4, 1894, Paris) - Belgian teacher, designer, inventor of musical instruments, best known for the invention of the saxophone and saxhorns.

Biography

Adolf's father, Charles Joseph Sax, was a well-known wind instrument maker, self-taught. The clarinets and bassoons he made were of such high quality that in 1820 he was appointed court music master, and since then he has received many honorary diplomas and medals, more than a dozen copyright certificates. Musical abilities and interest in design were passed on to the children of the master, and most of all to the eldest of eleven children - Adolf (Antoine Joseph). In 1836, Sachs emigrated from Belgium to France. He has many followers and no less enemies. In 1842, Adolphe Sax opened a wind instrument factory in Paris, where he became widely known as an inventor and designer. Adolf Sax improved many wind instruments. He created a whole group of instruments for military brass bands "saxhorns". World fame brought the invention of the saxophone. Adolf Sachs took the clarinet, replaced wood with metal, adapted a more comfortable mouthpiece and changed the section, making the instrument flaring downwards, providing the new instrument with more progressive oboe and flute fingerings. On March 21, 1846, he applied for a patent for "a system of wind instruments called saxophones". The patent was received on June 20, 1846. Five months before receiving the patent, Sacks lost his case in court - he was accused of "fraud and falsification." A court decision has been preserved stating that "a musical instrument called the saxophone does not and cannot exist." Leading composers of France spoke enthusiastically about the new instrument. Since 1857, Adolf Sax taught the saxophone class at the Paris Conservatory and published manuals for the school of playing on all the instruments he invented. However, Sacks soon fell victim to unfair competition. Other musical instrument makers have repeatedly sued him for plagiarism. As a result, legal expenses ruined Sachs, his firm for the production of mu