San Francisco

Article

January 24, 2022

San Francisco (English: San Francisco [ˌsæn frənˈsɪskoʊ], colloquial colloquial Frisco) is a city and county in California, United States. Cultural, commercial, financial center of Northern California. Named after the Catholic saint (in Spanish San) Francis of Assisi. With a population of 884,363 in 2017, it is the fourth most populous city in California and the twelfth in the United States. The area of ​​San Francisco is 600.6 km2, of which land - 121.4 km2, water - 479.2 km2. San Francisco is located on the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula. For most of its history, it has been the most populous and important city in the San Francisco Bay Area. In 1776, the Spanish settled on the coast of the peninsula, building a fort at the Golden Gate and founding a mission named after St. Francis. A small town that arose next to it was called Yerba Buena (Spanish: Yerba Buena). In 1848, thanks to the California gold rush, the city began to grow rapidly. In the same year it was renamed San Francisco. After a devastating earthquake and fire in 1906, the city was quickly and almost completely rebuilt. San Francisco is a world tourist destination, known for its cold summer fogs, steep hills and mix of Victorian and modern architecture. City attractions include the Golden Gate Bridge, Alcatraz Island, the cable car system, Coit Tower and Chinatown.

History

Pre-colonial history

Before the advent of Europeans, the Oloni Indians inhabited the San Francisco peninsula. Their first settlements in the area, archaeologists date back to 3000 BC.

Arrival of Europeans, early colonies

A Spanish exploration party under the command of Gaspar De Portola arrived here on November 2, 1769, the first documented visit to San Francisco Bay, the entire coastal area was annexed to the Viceroyalty of New Spain. Seven years later, the Mission of St. Francis of Assisi (its other name is Mission Dolores) was founded by the Spaniards, which was under the cover of a small fort, on the site of which the Presidio Park is now located. The name of the Russian Hill district (eng. Russian Hill - Russian hill), located

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