Northern Kosovo


August 11, 2022

North Kosovo (Serb. North Kosovo / Severno Kosovo, Alb. Kosova Veriore) is the unofficial name of the area in the northern part of Kosovo, inhabited mainly by Serbs, while in the rest of the absolute majority (more than 90%) are Albanians. Also, the area is called Ibarsky Kolasin (Serb. Ibarski Kolashin / Ibarski Kolašin, Alb. Kollashini i Ibrit), it was used even before the conflict in the region. According to the point of view of Serbia, the autonomous province of Kosovo and Metohija is part of Serbia, while being under the protectorate of the UN. At the same time, the authorities of the partially recognized Republic of Kosovo consider Northern Kosovo their territory, declaring the territorial integrity of their state. In fact, Northern Kosovo is governed by the municipal authorities within the framework of Serbian legislation, however, Serbia is forbidden to keep its security forces in the region, and the region itself is separated by a customs and guarded border from both the main territory of Serbia and the Albanian part of Kosovo. The main currency is the Serbian dinar (the euro is used in the Albanian part of Kosovo).


Northern Kosovo occupies the entirety of the three northern communities of the province: Leposavić, Zvečan and Zubin Potok, as well as a relatively small part of the community of Kosovska Mitrovica beyond the northern bank of the Ibar River. The city of Kosovska Mitrovica is also divided into Serbian and Albanian parts along the Ibar River. Northern Kosovo covers about 1200 km² or 11.1% of the province's area. Due to its border with Serbia, North Kosovo does not belong to the numerous Serbian enclaves in Kosovo. Northern Kosovo is rich in mineral resources and is home to the Trepca mining complex.



Before World War I

Northern Kosovo was part of the Thracian-Illyrian land of Dardania until the Roman conquest in the 1st century. After the split of the empire into two halves, it became part of the Eastern Empire in 395 AD. e. In the 7th century, during the Great Migration of Nations, this territory often became part of various Slavic and Serbian states. In the 11th century, the north of Kosovo passed to the Serbian state of Raska, which was transformed into a kingdom in 1217 and the Serbian Empire in 1346. With its disintegration during the era of feudalism in the 1370s, Northern Kosovo became